Learn the New Trends in Drug Abuse
A laboratory created Frankenstein opiate that is 25 times more powerful than pure heroin? It’s true and it’s out on the streets and quickly creating new addicts. In fact, fentanyl is also showing up in street heroin and is responsible for many deaths across the country. Even worse, law enforcement seizures of illegal drugs containing fentanyl have more than tripled between 2013 and 2014.
The following is Part four of our survey of the trending drugs and practices favored by teens and young adult abusers:
Fentanyl Patches: What it is: A synthetic opiate drug that is up to 50 to 100 times more powerful than morphine. What it does: The patch was designed to give time-released pain relief to those suffering from severe pain, such as cancer patients. Potent remnants of the drug remain in the discarded patches. Users will chew, swallow, smoke, or inject the drug contained in the patches. Those who inject can be taking up to 40 times the dose typically prescribed. Side effects include drowsiness, euphoria, itching, lethargy, headache, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, and swelling of hands, feet, and ankles. Because of its potency and addictiveness, risk for overdose is high.
2C-E: What it is: 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylphenethylamine, a wholly synthetic designer drug related to 2C-B, MDMA, and Mescaline. What it does; it stimulates the central nervous system and has hallucinogenic qualities similar to LSD or ecstasy. Side effects include nausea, paranoia, and flashbacks similar to PTSD. A fatal dose is possible.
Ketamine, Special K, Kit Kat: What it is: Used as an anesthesia, sedative, pain killer, and has shown promise in treating depression. Also used as a date rape drug. What it does: When abused it can change a user’s sense of sight and sound, cause hallucinations and a dissociative state. It’s very fast acting, taking effect within 10 minutes. Side effects include abnormal heart rhythms, nausea, increased salivation, double vision, airway obstruction and apnea. Deaths associated with Ketamine are not uncommon.
Bath Salts: Available on the internet as a white or brown crystalline powder under a variety of brand names including Flakka, Ivory Wave, Bloom, Cloud Nine, Lunar Wave, Vanilla Sky, White Lightening, Scarface, and many others. What it is: Another designer drug, “bath salts” belong to a family of drugs that contain one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone, an amphetamine-like stimulant found naturally in the khat plant. The term “bath salts” was coined to evade detection by authorities and has no relation to a product like Epsom salts which has no psychoactive properties. What it does: Bath salts can be taken orally, inhaled, or injected. Its energizing and often agitating effects can be consistent with other drugs like amphetamines and cocaine. It creates a surge of the neurotransmitter dopamine and the user feels euphoria and increased activity. According to a recent study, MDPV can raise brain dopamine in the same manner as cocaine but is at least 10 times more potent. Side effects include hallucinations, “excited delirium,” paranoia, panic attacks, dehydration, breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, kidney failure, high blood pressure, and a racing heart. “Bath salts” can be highly addictive and has a high potential for overdose.
GHB, Liquid Ecstasy, G-juice: What it is: Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid or GHB is a central nervous system depressant that may itself be a neurotransmitter. It was originally developed as a narcolepsy treatment. Another of the date rape drugs, GHB is often placed in alcoholic beverages. It has a cross-tolerance with alcohol – if you drink it regularly, you’ll need to take more GHB to get high – as well as a short half-life in the body. What it does: Euphoria, increased sex drive (evidence is anecdotal), and tranquility. Side effects include sweating, loss of conscious, nausea, vomiting, headaches, exhaustion, sluggishness, amnesia, confusion, and clumsiness. It has addictive potential if used repeatedly. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe.
Rohypnol, Roofies, Ruffles, Mexican Valium: What it is: Another of the so called date rape drugs, Rohypnol (Flunitrazepam) is an intermediate-acting benzodiazepine with general properties similar to those of Valium (diazepam). Although it is used in the short-term treatment of insomnia, as a pre-medication in surgical procedures, and for inducing anesthesia, Rohypnol is not approved for medical use or manufactured in the United States. What it does: Rohypnol’s effects include sedation, muscle relaxation, reduction in anxiety, and prevention of convulsions. Seven to ten times stronger than Valium, Rohypnol’s effects appear 15 to 20 minutes after administering and last approximately four to six hours. Side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, loss of motor control, lack of coordination, slurred speech, confusion, and gastrointestinal disturbances, and amnesia. Higher doses may produce respiratory depression.
Teenagers and young males age 13 to 30 have been noted as the primary abusers of Rohypnol.
If you or a loved one have an addiction to alcohol, contact BLVD Treatment Centers. At BLVD Treatment Centers we custom tailor our recovery programs within the safe and nurturing confines of our rehab treatment centers. Located throughout California, in Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego and in Portland, OR, our mission is to assess the severity of your addiction to help you achieve true recovery within 30 days. Call us now at 1-866.582.9844.