WHAT IS CRACK COCAINE?
Crack cocaine is the strongest form of cocaine due mostly to its purity. Crack cocaine can be up to 75% to 100% pure, which makes it much stronger and more potent than regular cocaine.
Crack cocaine is a derivative of freebase cocaine.
Crack is made in the same manner as freebase cocaine, yet its manufacturing process is much safer because no flammable liquids are utilized.
Freebase cocaine is made by dissolving powdered cocaine in water and a strong alkaloid solution such as ammonia. Then, a highly flammable solvent like ether is added, and a solid cocaine base separates out from the solution.
The difference between making freebase cocaine and crack cocaine is crack is not manufactured with a flammable solvent. It is instead made, or rather dissolved, in a mixture of water and either ammonia or sodium bicarbonate, which is more commonly known as baking soda.
Regardless of what ingredients go into freebase cocaine or crack cocaine, the finished product is a hard solid that can be broken up into rocks.
The name “crack” comes from the cracking sound the drug makes while being smoked in a crack pipe.
Crack pipes are traditionally small with short stems. This helps strengthen the high’s intensity when inhaled.
HOW CAN CRACK REHAB HELP?
Quitting crack can be difficult. But, with dedication, hard work, and a refusal to give up, you can begin to enjoy a life without crack.
To help avoid relapse, you’ll be encouraged to take part in group work to shore up your newly discovered sobriety, and keep you on the road to a clean lifestyle.
Our experienced staff won’t just support you as you address your crack dependency, it will also make you aware of trigger situations that can cause you to relapse.
Most alcohol and drug treatment facilities fall under two categories: inpatient and outpatient.
CRACK INPATIENT REHAB
If a substance use disorder is so severe the patient requires constant monitoring from qualified treatment professionals, then inpatient care is the correct choice.
If a patient can’t cope with the withdrawal symptoms on his or her own, they will need inpatient care.
Inpatient visitations are very important for people who are recovering from substance abuse.
When you visit someone in rehab, you let them know they are not alone and you still care about them.
That said, there will be times in the rehab process when visitation will be restricted. More likely than not, visitations will not be allowed in the very initial stages of one’s recovery, such as during crack detox because this is such a critical step toward a person’s rehabilitation.
Make careful note of how your loved one is doing in rehabilitation. If they are positive and upbeat, now might be a good time to stop by. Conversely, if your loved one is having a rough time during their rehab, you might want to postpone your visit until things get better for them.
Always check with the healthcare professional helping your loved one through their crack recovery before showing up for a visit.
CRACK OUTPATIENT REHAB
Some people may not require the intensity of inpatient rehab for their addiction.
Some patients choose outpatient crack rehab, despite its reputation for not being as comprehensive among the rehab community as is inpatient care.
As to the care outpatient facilities give, it is intense, but less expensive than inpatient care, and does not provide the level of urgency should something go wrong with the patient during crack detox or recovery.
THE PROCESS FOR CRACK REHAB
The increased popularity of crack has made creating a custom rehab process much simpler.
We look deep into the history of your crack use to find the root cause, then, through group and individual counseling, we help you learn how to confront that cause.
We’ll also help you identify which aspects of your life could trigger a relapse.
With crack, we investigate the circumstances that can cause a person to fall from the wagon.
Those circumstances are often events that involve people gathering such as birthdays and holidays. We help you find ways to navigate these situations without letting your sobriety slip.
In addition to counseling, our rehabilitation process also focuses on your physical wellbeing. We’ll help you start a low-impact exercise program, which includes activities like stretching and yoga.
The biggest ways addiction effects a person physically are through injuries, illness or drastic weight fluctuations.
Remember, crack rehabilitation is not just about getting a person off their substance of choice, but also about getting them back into physical shape.
Addiction attacks you mentally, emotionally and physically, so your treatment must also address all three areas.
THE LENGTH OF CRACK TREATMENT
Every person deals with addiction differently, therefore, treatment programs will vary in length to accommodate the needs of the individual.
With crack, treatment can last from a few days to a month or more, depending upon the severity of the abuse.
Also keep in mind that crack treatment doesn’t just involve detox and a week or two of recovery.
Extended counseling is needed to fortify one’s sobriety as well as continual maintenance.
It isn’t just about not using, it’s also about building up your physical, mental and emotional tolerance to the point that when you leave recovery, having a relapse is less likely.
THE ORIGIN OF CRACK COCAINE
The majority of cocaine that comes into the United States originates in Colombia, Bolivia and Peru. Cocaine is usually smuggled into the United States across the Mexican border. It arrives in the country in powder form and is converted to crack by the wholesaler or retailer (criminal gangs specializing in drug manufacturing and distribution make up most of the retail market in the United States).
Crack cocaine is then distributed in varying amounts depending upon how much a customer wants. Crack cocaine has no boundaries within the US. It is as prevalent in the suburbs and rural areas as it is in urban areas.
STREET NAMES FOR CRACK
Crack is the most widely used name for this form of cocaine. However, depending upon the region, the drug can go by several monikers. Some of the more common ones are:
- Nose candy
HOW IS CRACK COCAINE INDUCED?
In almost all instances, crack cocaine is smoked. It can also be injected.
When smoked, crack is placed in a “straight shooter,” which is a name for the glass pipe used in the smoking process.
The user will then place a small piece of steel wool at one end of the pipe tube and put the rock on the other side of this filter.
The rock is heated via an open flame until it produces a vapor.
The user inhales that vapor into their lungs, where the drug immediately releases into the bloodstream.
WHAT’S THE HIGH LIKE?
Inhaling crack cocaine can yield a very strong high in a very short period of time. The drug produces a deep sense of euphoria and exhilaration.
As crack courses through the bloodstream and into the brain, it interferes with the dopamine process, and releases increased amounts of the brain’s feel-good drug.
Once released, dopamine travels across a gap between nerve cells, called a synapse, and binds to a receptor on a neighboring nerve cell. This sends a signal to that nerve cell, which produces a good feeling.
A crack cocaine high can arrive within ten to 15 seconds after being smoked compared to the ten to 15 minutes it takes when normal cocaine is snorted.
Thus, the crack cocaine high is a faster, yet sharper high. It can also last five to 15 minutes.
AFTER EFFECTS OF CRACK COCAINE USE
Not only can crack create a feeling of exhilaration in the user, the drug can also cause a number of dangerous side effects.
One of those effects is an increased heart rate, which can lead to a heart attack. Other crack-induced side effects include stroke, respiratory problems and severe mental disorders.
As crack moves through the bloodstream, it first leaves the user feeling energized, more alert and more sensitive to sight, sound and touch.
Heart rate increases, pupils dilate and blood pressure rises. The user may then start to feel restless, anxious and/or irritable. In large amounts, crack can make a person extremely aggressive, paranoid and/or delusional.
The intensity of the high increases when other drugs are mixed with crack cocaine.
A popular mix with crack cocaine is, of course, alcohol. In some circles, heroin is also mixed with crack.
Needless to say, these mixtures are highly dangerous. It is not uncommon for a person to suffer a higher risk of overdose or even death from mixing crack cocaine with these substances as opposed to smoking or injecting crack on its own.
During the crack rehabilitation program, we will keep your Patient Health Information (PHI) very private.
Fighting through the struggle of crack recovery will be difficult enough, so our focus on your privacy should help keep your mind at ease.
Take confidence in knowing that as you seek out your new pathway to sobriety, your PHI is safe with us.
HOW ARE PAYMENTS HANDLED
We bill on a monthly basis during 30-day stays in our rehab centers. If you stay longer, we bill on a bi-weekly basis.
We are as doggedly private about your financial situation as we are about your PHI. In fact, we don’t even save your credit card information or any other financial records.
GOING AWAY FOR TREATMENT
We have treatment facilities all over the country, so you’re sure to find one that’s convenient for your needs. Sometime what you really need is to get away.
Leaving town for treatment can often give you a clean slate that can be helpful in the recovery process. In completely new surroundings you can focus on yourself without any distractions.
In many cases, removing yourself from everything that’s familiar can set you up for success in your new sober life.
Without a group of people to function as a support structure, the crack rehabilitation process will be much more difficult.
Fortunately, our rehab programs help you create this support network. Many recovery centers, in fact, encourage former patients to stay in touch with each other in addition to joining a network in which ideas and experiences can be shared. This support group can also come in handy when staying sober becomes difficult.
The knowledge that you are not alone in living a sober life away from crack will go a long way to keep you on the path of sobriety.
Don’t be delusional about crack or any other form of cocaine. If you feel you have an issue with this in addition to other drugs, contact BLVD Treatment Centers. At BLVD Treatment Centers we custom tailor our recovery programs within the safe and nurturing confines of our rehab treatment centers. Located throughout California, in Los Angeles, San Diego and in Portland, OR, our mission is to assess the severity of your addiction to help you achieve true recovery within 30 days.