MORPHINE: AN OVERVIEW
Morphine, even as a name, sounds perilous. And it is.
Named after Morpheus, the Greek god of sleep, morphine is an extremely powerful opioid used as a painkiller, which yes, also induces sleep.
It is easy to become dependent on morphine even if used properly. This is why the drug demands and should receive respect from both those who prescribe morphine and those who use it to suppress pain.
HOW IS MORPHINE USED?
In previous decades, the injectable form of morphine was most common type of morphine used.
In war when there was usually little time to prepare a syringe, a syrette was used, which is a small needle connected to a toothpaste-looking tube filled with morphine.
Field medics carried syrettes to distribute exact amounts of morphine to fallen soldiers.
Today, beyond hypodermically, morphine can also be taken in the form of a pill, a drinkable solution or a suppository.
Morphine is a very fast-acting painkiller, particularly if it is injected. However, regardless of whether morphine is injected, taken as a pill or drinkable solution, the euphoric effects are the same. They simply take longer if morphine is administered via pill or solution. There many ways how is morphine used but some of the main ways include:
- Relief of pain caused by heart attack
- Relief of the severe bone and joint pain associated with sickle cell.
- Pain relief before, during and after surgery, especially major surgeries that may involve the bones and large organs.
- General anesthsia to sedate a patient.
- Regional anesthesia such as spinal or epidural anesthesia.
- Relief of pain caused by severe injuries such as those caused by road traffic accidents.
- Pain relief for renal colic or kidney stones as they pass and obstruct the urinary pathway.
- Pain relief in pulmonary edema or water collected in the lungs.
- Relief of severe joint pain caused by disabling diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
- Pain relief in terminal cancer patients.
- A cough suppressant in cases where cough is severe enough.
- To relieve the severe diarrhea.
HOW DOES MORPHINE WORK?
Once injected or ingested, morphine works immediately as it enters the blood stream. The blood carries morphine to the brain and other parts of the body that are experiencing pain.
Upon arrival to both the brain and the area of discomfort, morphine activates opioid receptors to exert the effects of the drug.
While this process leads to pain relief, morphine can also activate other receptors which can induce respiratory depression and eventual sleepiness, which in some cases is when a morphine overdose can occur.
Understandably, the euphoria as well as the sensation of relaxation and sleepiness are hallmark effects morphine users enjoy about the drug. Repeated use of morphine, however, can cause a person to develop a tolerance to the drug, which can lead to increased use, addiction and afterward, a psychological and physical dependency.
Tolerance occurs when a person requires an increased amount of any drug to achieve the same high they had earlier when first experimenting with the drug. Dependence is when a person can’t physically or mentally function unless they replenish their habit with more of the drug to which they are addicted.
Morphine isn’t an entirely complicated or volatile drug. Throughout its history, the drug has, in fact, been a reliable pain relieving source to doctors and other caregivers.
Sure, maybe morphine’s addictive properties have not been regarded with as much attention as they currently are today, particularly in light of our opioid epidemic, but that’s not to say the drug has not legitimately helped relieve pain for nearly a century-and-a-half.
Simply put, closely follow your doctor’s instructions when using morphine. And don’t extend the prescription beyond the prescribed time period. This will help minimize any chance of addiction and eventual dependency.
If you feel you or a loved one has an issue with morphine, contact BLVD Treatment Centers. At BLVD Treatment Centers we custom tailor our recovery programs within the safe and nurturing confines of our rehab treatment centers. Located throughout California, in Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego and in Portland, OR, our mission is to assess the severity of your addiction to help you achieve true recovery within 30 days. Call us now at 1-866.582.9844.
How is Morphine Used?