What Is Morphine?
When wondering ‘How long goes morphine stay in your body?’ it helps to discover first and foremost what it is.
Morphine is an opioid drug that’s given as a short-term remedy to help manage chronic pain. There is also an extended release version to help ease pain that lingers longer.
Acting as a narcotic, it’s given other brand names and comes in various forms such as pills, injections and solutions. In the medical field morphine has been traditionally used by intravenous means and is often an anaesthetic when mixed with other ingredients. As it’s relatively cheap and easy to obtain, morphine has more potential than other drugs to be abused.
Different types of morphine
There are various types of morphine available that can be purchased over the counter. Some of the most brand name products are: Dover’s Powder, MSCotin, Avinza, Roxanol SR, MSIR, RMS and Oramorph SR.
You can also take morphine in several different ways. Some ways you can take it include: tablets/ capsules, liquid morphine, suppositories (rectal administration), injection under the skin, injection into the vein or into the muscle.
The dangers of using morphine as a high
The ways its administered often dictates how long morphine may stay in your body. When used outside of a medical context for those who wish to get high, the pain-killer often gets snorted, smoked or injected. These are the quickest ways that the drug can reach the brain and intensify the effects but it’s also a fast-track to addiction. The slower modes of administration are usually used to treat addiction on the other hand.
There are several downsides to abusing the drug in this way. These may start with but are not limited to: infections, chronic bleeding and a constricting of the nasal blood vessels causing injuries.
Most commonly, when morphine gets abused pills are crushed and snorted via a tube. It’s important to remember it’s not just the pure substance of morphine being consumed but also numerous additive’s. Additionally, it’s more dangerous because this route of administration bypasses the liver so there are no enzymes to process the substance properly. With the absence of these enzymes, snorting becomes very dangerous and damages the nasal tissues posing increased risk in overdose.
How long goes morphine stay in your body?
Several variants effect how long morphine lingers in the system and how long it can be traced in urine tests. The type of drug screening used also has an impact on how much of the substance can be detected and for how long, which we’ll now discuss.
Another significant factor that can alter results is how physically healthy and fit the person taking the test is. Things such as BMI (body mass index), fitness regime, general health of the body, how well they’ve stayed hydrated for example can all influence metabolism. This makes it hard to give concrete times in how long morphine stays in the body for.
However, it’s a general rule that morphine can be traced in the body a few days after consumption. After a day most of the morphine will have left the body but more minute fractions of the drug can still be found 3 or more days later depending on the test.
How long does it take for morphine to be detected?
There are several ways to test for morphine and urine testing still seems to be the best way for checking levels. If someone wishes to track a longer period, hair follicle testing is used but isn’t usually done until 7 days after consumption. So most commonly urine tests will be carried out which presents the question, how long does morphine stay in your urine?
The standard urine test traces bits of morphine with a limit of 300ng meaning the substance can be found in urine within the range of 2-3 days. The other two tests which may be used as an alternative measure for morphine are:
- Saliva test: traces up to 48 hours
- Hair follicle test: traces up to 90 days
When we analyse how long morphine stays in the body it’s safe to say it may remain up to four days. Most of the pain-killer will have left the body by the end of the first day via faeces and urine. However, there’s still a small ratio of morphine leaving the body for numerous days after consuming.
The rate an individual metabolises the substance will vary from person to person. Metabolic rate which are influenced by things such as: muscle mass, genetics, gender, hormones and so on.
The rate of someone’s metabolism will cause the morphine to either leave the body faster or slower. The danger comes when the metabolic rate is slower therefore morphine lingers in the body for longer than it should becoming toxic and harming the organs.
How long does morphine: take to leave the blood?
A blood test can be an accurate account of how much morphine is present in the body. The window of time in which blood can be tested for morphine is roughly 12 hours as the drug hits its peak level before its broken down. When taken orally peak levels can appear in the blood within an hour compared to just 5 minutes when injected.
How long does morphine: take to leave the hair?
Morphine stays in the hair for the longest amount of time and can be detected for up to weeks even months after depending on how severely it was abused. It just takes one strand to determine drug use for the past 90 days. Determining immediate usage is not possible however.
How long does morphine stay in your urine?
Morphine mainly leaves the body via urine first. This happens within the first day after consumption. Only a tiny amount of pure morphine is excreted this way totally unchanged which can be a key indicator of how chronically someone uses morphine. Even so, someone may fail the screening just after 2/3 days of continued use.
Peak Levels And Half Life Of Morphine
The peak level of morphine in the body varies with how its consumed but generally, it has a quicker half-life of 1.5 – 7 hours. If the substance has been injected then it will hit its peak in around 20 minutes and when extended-release is used the half-life increases to 16.2 hours. If taken as a tablet, morphine will hit its peak level at 30 minutes with a half-life of 2-4 hours.
What influences how long morphine takes to leave your body?
If someone is being tested for morphine levels its most likely a urine sample will be taken and then sent off to be examined in a lab. The amount of the drug traced in someone’s urine will be influenced by different things such as how hydrated someone is.
When well hydrated, the urine will be diluted along with the drug which may cause someone to test negative. Another thing which may skew urine test results is if too much time is taken between the dose and sample collection.
Overall, one of the biggest influencing factors that impacts how long the opiate stays in someone’s system is down to metabolism. Metabolic rate is different with every person and is decided by genes, the environment amongst other factors. For example, people with the genetic polymorphism of a certain enzyme called CYP450 2D6 can either find their metabolism speeding up or slowing down when processing opiates such as morphine.
Other factors that influence the body’s processing of morphine are things such as:
- Pain-killers having short half-lives so they are typically excreted quicker than other drugs depending on the method of consumption.
- BMI (body mass index)
- Body fat
- How healthy organs like the liver and kidneys are
- Whether someone is a consistent abuser of morphine
- The ratio of water in the body
- How pure the morphine is
- Whether morphine is combined with another other substances
Addiction to morphine
If you know someone or are suffering with morphine addiction yourself, there’s no better time to take action than now. It’s a bad idea to stop taking morphine if an individual has been consistently consuming for a prolonged period as the body has become dependent on the substance. This will also make the withdrawal effects easier to manage.
The first step will be organising a health-check with a doctor. There are individuals who may be more vulnerable to addiction than others such as those with a history of mental health issues or prior addictions. Therefore, if you think you may be at risk or becoming addicted, its best to contact a drug counsellor, psychologist or medical professional for an evaluation.
Need help when detoxing from a morphine addiction?
If someone wishes to withdraw from morphine, professional help is required. This is because the possible side-effects and damages to an individual’s health can become riskier during the recovery phase. Additionally, individuals commonly experience psychological changes when going through detox and may need to combine their therapy with psychological treatment.
Several rehabilitation centers will have services and facilities to help treat morphine addition. Withdrawal from painkillers and experiencing symptoms associated with taking too much morphine can be tough but you don’t have to go it alone. Get support every step of the way with the dedicated counselors at BLVD.
The residential and outpatient services offered at BLVD Treatment Centers are a great option. Tailored to fit your specific needs, you can seek solace in the undivided attention of our experienced counselors.
When opting for the residential rehab option, you can take advantage of:
- Individualized Detox Treatments
- Chef-Prepared Gourmet Meals
- Medically-Assisted Detox
- A Comprehensive Aftercare Plan
- Convenient Transport Services